Dr. Gouranga Kar, Director of ICAR-CRIJAF, Barrackore mentioned that recently a breakthrough in jute retting has been achieved by scientists of ICAR – CRIJAF who have decoded the genome sequences of jute retting microbes by high throughput genome sequencing. The in-depth genomic analysis significantly revealed three different species of Bacillus constitute the consortium strains. The genome sizes of these strains are ~3.8 Mb with 3729 to 4002 protein-coding genes. The sequence data has been submitted to the National Centre for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) database of NIH, USA. Genome sequencing also confirms that retting bacteria degrade pectin, hemicellulose, and other noncellulosic materials, non-harmful for fiber. The bacterial strains are also non-toxic and thus the retting water with microbial strains can successfully be used for irrigation purposes.
Acharya Narendra Deva University of Agriculture and Technology 1